Dictionary will help you to understand some terms used in trading world. If you think that some of them are incomprehensible - feel free to contact with me and we'll talk about this.


The term is used most commonly when referring to a VHS source. So a 1st Gen is a VHS that was transferred from the master VHS to a DVD but only once hence 1st Gen.


Artwork is generally used by many traders for storing their recordings in jewel cases. Artwork traditionally has the tracklist from that show and pictures.


This label means that the recording is an audience recording. Audience can be used to describe both audio and video. These recordings can be recorded from any spot in the stadium or arena. The quality is variable depending the equipment and location.


When a DVD has been authored, that means it has a menu, chapters and often times those chapters match the tracks performed. Some recordings are authored to have chapters every 5 minutes.


Bad traders are people who rip other traders off by either never sending their package, sending corrupt discs and not replacing them, or not upholding any other part of the trade. People who make my list of bad traders are there for either one simple reason - they have personally ripped me off. I have sent them their shows and they have not upheld their portion of the trade. I generally give people three weeks to send the package and have it arrive to me before placing them on the list. If you see someone listed on my Bad Trader list or multiple times on other traders list, trade at your own risk but know that there's a good chance you might get ripped off.


Blu Ray is the name of the next generation optical disc. This was developed to enable recording, rewriting and playback of high-definition video (HD), as well as storing large amounts of data. The format offers more than five times the storage capacity of traditional DVDs and can hold up to 25GB on a single-layer disc and 50GB on a dual-layer disc. This extra capacity combined with the use of advanced video and audio codecs will offers exceptional quality HD experience. This is currently the best quality for DVDs.


The definition of a B and P trade can differ slightly depending on the trader. Traditionally, this is where you send the exact amount of CDs required for the shows that you are requesting in addition to paying the postage. This is usually done with a pre-paid envelope or an inclusion of stamps in your request for shows. For example: You want 10 shows. Each show is 2 CDs each, for a total of 20 CDs worth of music. You will need to send the trader 20 blank CDs and the postage required to mail you back the completed shows (calculate this carefully so as to not require the generous sender to cover the cost- don't expect them to.), and they will send you back all 20 of those blank discs with the shows you requested provided you covered the cost of Postage.


Audio that has replaced the original audio from that recording. Usually enhanced audio tracks come from either a better audio recording such as an FM radio broadcast or the original audio has been worked on such as de-hissing to make the audio better and more enjoyable to listen to while watching a recording.


Simply said, the CD-I is the precursor of the DVD. It was one of the first digital formats for video. It was released in 1991 but it was never really a success. These days some bootleg DVD's are made from these CD-I's. They got ripped to the computer and re-authored to a DVD. The quality is better then VHS, but not as good as a DVD.


It's the next standard for standard television. It's just better quality than the normal analogue signal. DVD's made from Digital TV are much clearer then the normal analogue TV captures.


See lossless.


Gen is short for Generation. It's often used when referring to a VHS source. Most older recordings especially from the 80s and 90s were recorded and traded via VHS tapes. A 1st Gen or Low Gen (while inferior to a master) is usually considered a good quality unless the recording wa poor to begin with. Therefore, a High Gen's quality is worse than a Low Gen's quality. Every time a VHS is transferred, a Gen is added. So a 3rd Gen recording has been transferred a total of 3 times. These days the recordings are most captured with a DVD recorder and the DVD's get traded. A DVD has always the same quality as it stays a digital file (if nobody rips and re-encode the files). So when copying DVD’s (in the right way) there won’t be another generation.


Good traders are people that I have traded with before and the trade went smoothly. The people on this list are those that I would happily trade again with or would recommend to another trader.


High Definition TV or HDTV is a digital television system with a higher resolution than traditional television systems therefore making HD's quality better than say NTSC or PAL.


It's often used when referring to a VHS source. The quality of a high generation is often terrible. Most traders who have a recording listed as a high generation are always looking for an upgrade if it even exists. So if you have a better quality of a show they list as high generation, more times than not, a trader would love to trade something for that upgrade.


Jewel cases are the same cases that a CD comes packaged in when you purchase an official CD. They are designed to protect the media from scratches and other types of exposure damage. Most traders including myself do not want jewel cases though because they are often damaged in the mail and therefore don't offer any sort of protection to the discs at all. Most traders who use jewel cases usually use them for storage on a shelf, bookcase, etc.


Usually contains a recording of fantastic quality.


This is the preferred type of files for trading audio. Lossless or FLAC recordings contain the exact original data of the recording. The quality of a lossless recording is significantly better than that of a lossy recording.


Lossy is generally despised in the trading world unless it is the only available recording of a show (like some of the Bon Jovi shows from the 80s). A lossy compression is a method that compresses data of a recording to make such data files smaller. When compressing a recording, quality is sacrificed. Similar with VHS gen transfers, lossy compression suffers from generation loss. The more decompressing, the more quality the file will lose. So if something is already in MP3, do NOT convert it to lossless or FLAC - just leave it because the quality won't be back no matter what you do to the files. An example of lossy file is MP3.


It's often used when referring to a VHS source. A Low Gen VHS or transfer is usually a good recording.


A master is the best quality available of a recording. It comes straight from an original source. The quality can't get better than that. A master has never been transferred - only copied.


It's often used when referring to a VHS source. A Low Gen is better than a High Gen. A Mid Gen is okay - there is better but there can also be far worse. It varies and really depends on the quality of the master that determines the quality of the Mid Gen.


MP3 is a lossy recording. Lossy is generally despised in the trading world unless it is the only available recording of a show (like some of the Bon Jovi shows from the 80s). A lossy compression is a method that compresses data of a recording to make such data files smaller. When compressing a recording, quality is sacrificed. Similar with VHS gen transfers, lossy compression suffers from generation loss. The more decompressing, the more quality the file will lose. So if something is already in MP3, do NOT convert it to lossless or FLAC - just leave it because the quality won't be back no matter what you do to the files.


NTSC is the TV format used in America and Japan. NTSC is 720 pixels by 480 pixels sized picture and plays at 29,97 frames per second. Most of the newer DVD players don’t have problems with playing PAL and NTSC DVD’s. Just check out your manual to know for sure.


Official recordings are recordings that have been released by an artist and a are available for purchase. No official recordings should be traded, copied or downloaded.


PAL is the TV format used in Europe. PAL is 720 pixels by 576 pixels sized picture and plays at 25 frames per second. Most of the newer DVD players don’t have problems with playing PAL and NTSC DVD’s. Just check out your manual to know for sure.


Professional is used to describe both audio and video but used more commony with video recordings. The video and audio is recorded from professional source and as opposed to an audience source shot by a member of the audience.


Recordings that I have marked as "rare" means that in order for me to agree to a trade, you must offer me something rare in return.


A screenshot is often used to describe a video recording that has been shot from a screen. A screenshot can also refer to a picture that a trader takes of their recording so that other traders can see the quality of the recording and use it as a comparison.


SHN is short for shorten. It is another form of lossless audio because the files are optimized in compressed data. Today, SHN files are a bit out-dated and people generally use FLAC instead.


The best form of live audio recordings usually comes from a soundboard because that's where the show is being mixed in a live concert/setting.


The source indicated where the recordings came from. For example, audio can be sourced from the audience, soundboard, radio, television, webcast or ripped from a video. DVD can be sourced from a multitude of different ways such as an audience, stream, TV, HD, Master or VHS.


With technology improving, more bands and/or networks are choosing to stream or broadcast their live shows on the internet so that people around the world can watch the recording. Quality of streamed video and audio can vary.


Trading is when person A exchanges material (DVD, CD, or blanks) with person B. Trading is the way to get the recordings. Try to get your hands on a couple of recordings. Once you have your first recordings try to find people who don't have your recordings and visa versa. And set up a trade.


Trade Rules are used widely throughout the trading world to ensure a good trade for both parties. For instance, if something is lost in the mail, the trade rules should dictate what should happen and help avoid misunderstandings between the two traders.


An upgrade is the same recording from a better looking / sounding source. For example, a master is an upgrade if you only previously had a mid generation source.


A chain of trading in which a trader offers to send a show(s) to another trader and they then send it to the next trader on the chain/list until all the traders in the chain/list receive their show(s).


Another form of a lossless recording.


Nowadays concerts get broadcasted on the internet. It's not the best quality, but you have the biggest audience you can ever get! DVD's made from Internet Streaming are very variable. These days the quality is actually quite good.